The Victims of Crime Compensation Program
In Quebec, the government’s Victims of Crime Compensation (CVIA) program allows some victims who have suffered a physical or psychological injury to receive services or financial compensation. Specific criteria must be met to obtain this compensation.
Choose the right program
Attention, a victim can not be indemnified by the IVAC if another program can compensate it.
For example, when a person is injured by a crime committed at work , they usually have to claim compensation from the Commission for Standards, Health Equity and Occupational Safety (CNESST).
When a person is injured by a crime committed with a motor vehicle , they must generally seek compensation from the Société de l ‘assurance automobile du Québec (SAAQ).
A victim is not obliged to complain to the police to be compensated by the IVAC. There is no requirement that the perpetrator be identified, prosecuted or convicted as a result of criminal proceedings. The victim must nevertheless convincingly demonstrate to the IVAC that she has been the victim of a criminal offense.
The crime must have caused an injury
To be eligible for IVAC, a victim must have been injured because of a crime. The injury can be physical or psychological . Depending on the circumstances, the following persons may also be eligible for the IVAC:
- The witness to a crime that is injured, even if the offense did not target him directly.
- Dependents, such as children or a spouse, when the victim is deceased.
The crime must be recognized by the IVAC
For example, assault, sexual assault and theft with violence are crimes recognized by the IVAC program. However, a victim of criminal harassment or fraud can not be compensated by this program.
Check the list for crimes recognized by the IVAC.
The crime must have taken place in Quebec
Even if the victim lives in another province or abroad, she may be eligible for the IVAC program if the crime was committed in Quebec.
Warning! If the crime was committed before March 1972, the victim can not be compensated because the program did not exist.
Deadlines to respect
In general, an application must be completed no later than two years after the injury .
However, the victim may not be able to make the request on time. For example:
- She was a minor.
- She later became aware of the link between her injury and the crime.
- She had a major reason that prevented her from doing so.
In these cases, she will have to explain herself and convince the IVAC that she could not apply at the time of the injury. Note: As soon as the victim is no longer in one of these situations, the maximum period of two years begins to apply. Warning! If the crime was committed before May 23, 2013, the deadline to complete the application is one year only.